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5 Cybersecurity Terms Everyone Should Know

5 Cybersecurity Terms Everyone Should Know


Cybersecurity is becoming more and more important with the advent and influence technology plays in the home and office.

For this reason, employees need to be aware of common cybersecurity terms so they know what to lookout for and what proactive steps they need to take in order for the workplace to be more secure. That being said, here are 5 common cybersecurity terms everyone should know.

1. Insider Threat

An insider threat is a threat to a company from within the organization. This could be a disgruntled employee or malicious partner. According to a Tripwire article, insider threats are labeled the biggest cyber threat for 2017. In fact, the article further states that 74% of companies feel vulnerable to these types of threats.

One reason for this is that employees have access to sensitive information others on the outside don’t. If an opportunity presents itself, an (ex) employee could leverage this information—publicizing it, handing it over to the competitor, or selling it for financial gain.

Leaking sensitive information, disorganizing files, hacking into the network, or stealing funds can leaves companies in at least $100,000 in damages, if not more—according to 53% of companies.

Why Employees Need to Learn this Term?

Employees need to know what an insider threat is so that they can identify suspicious activity from co-workers. Perhaps a co-worker is asking for an employee’s password in an aggressive manner? Or an employee has recently been bad-mouthing the higher-ups, mentioning revenge? If they suspect a possible insider threat, employees can report the suspicious behavior to higher-ups, who can then proceed to deal with the disgruntled employee.

5 Cybersecurity Terms Everyone Should Know

2. Outsider Threat

When the word “hacking” comes up, people normally think of outsider threats. That said, an outsider threat is a threat to an organization from the outside. Unlike insiders who may not always have malicious intentions that go beyond personal revenge, outsiders normally are out for personal gain. They hunt for vulnerabilities to get into the organization’s network.

While vulnerabilities could be technological—ranging from outdated anti-malware software to an unprotected login—malicious outsiders can also leverage employees.This could be done by phoning the company and, pretending to be IT and manipulating the responder to give up their login information.

Or they can employ tailgating, a social engineering attack where the intruder slides through the front door ,past security and takes advantage of a computer, where the employee forgets to log out on.

Why Employees Need to Learn this Term?

As mentioned, outsider threats can take advantage of employees uneducated in basic cyber hygiene. By learning what an outsider threat is, employees will be more conscious of his/her actions in the workplace, preventing potential outsider threats from occurring.

Common Cyberattacks in the Office

The rest of the cybersecurity terms are common cyberattacks employees may come across when working. Knowing what they are can reduce the risk of a successful breach.

3. Phishing Attack

As the name suggests, a phishing attack baits and hooks employees with too-good-to-be-true or official-sounding email headers. Employees open up the email and, believing the email is from a client or another department, clicks on the link, in which the organization is now compromised.

Why Employees Need to Learn this Term?

Employees can watch out for suspicious-looking and vague emails, deleting ones that sound off alarms. That way, they aren’t putting the organization in jeopardy.

4. Spam

Similar to phishing attacks, spammers use email to infiltrate networks. Using non-alphabetic characters, they weasel their way into employees’ inboxes. Messages range from sketchy, rip-off items to questionably legal services.

Why Employees Need to Learn this Term?

The average amount of emails the average employees receives is roughly 121 per day. Most likely, a percentage of these are spam messages that have bypassed the spam filter. Employees need to be able to identify what these messages are in order to avert them.

What employees don’t want to do is unsubscribe from the email since this then conveys to the spammers that this email is active, which will only invite a flood of similarly inappropriate messages.

5 Cybersecurity Terms Everyone Should Know

5. Social Engineering

Social engineering in the office involves a social engineer “accidentally” leaving an infected USB or CD, or luring the organization’s social media expert to hand over sensitive information over social media.

Why Employees Need to Learn this Term?

Employees need to be aware of such manipulation tactics on social media and in the office as well as public places where they do remote work. That way, they are less likely to hand over sensitive company data or compromise the network.

Ways to Ensure Employees Know These Common Cybersecurity Terms

Hand out a quiz that tests employees on these terms. Incentivize employees with rewarding a monetary bonus or gift card to the highest score.

You can also practice scenarios where employees need to know the terms in order to identify suspicious behavior and take steps toward mitigating it.

Overall, it is best to provide employees routine cyber training so that they can brush up on these cybersecurity terms, as well as add new cyber vocabulary to their repertoire.

CBI Can Help

CBI, for cybersecurity solutions, helps businesses improve their cyber defenses. Contact CBI for more information!


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